Publications and Online Papers

Selected re-edited papers (with the help of Gregory Owcarz)


Manzotti, R., (2019). Mind-Object Identity. A solution to the Hard-Problem of Consciousness, in Frontiers in Psychology 10, 2019, p. 63-75.


Manzotti - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology.pdf

Manzotti, R., (2018). The human nervous system is not the gold standard for pain , in Animal Sentience. An Interdisciplinary Journal on Animal Feeling, 2018, 21(12).

Manzotti R., We are not our brain. How to break the spell of the neurosciences, Science and Non Duality, July, 2018.

Manzotti R., "I am thunder", Studio Voice, March 2018, Vol 412, Pages 146-151, (Translated by Hayato Takahashi).

Manzotti R., Chella A. Good Old-Fashioned Artificial Consciousness and the Intermediate Level Fallacy, Frontiers in Robotics and AI/, March 20, 2018, pdf.

Manzotti R., Io non sono il mio corpo, Matrika, Marzo 2018.


Manzotti R., The Spread Mind. Why Consciousness and the World Are One. OR Books, 2017

Manzotti R., Consciousness and Object. A mind-object identity physicalist theory. John Benjamins, 2017

Manzotti, R., (2017). “ A Perception-Based Model of Complementary Afterimages” in SAGE Open, 2017, January-March, p. 1-10


Manzotti, R., (2016). No Evidence that Pain is a Painful Neural Process , in Animal Sentience. An Interdisciplinary Journal on Animal Feeling, 2016, 3(11).

Manzotti, R., (2016). “ Una teoria dell'identità mente-oggetto” in Reti, Saperi, Linguaggi, 2016, October-december,

Manzotti, R., (2016). “Objectbound: A Mind-Object Identity Theory” in APA Newsletter on Philosophy and Computers, 16(1), 24-31July 2016

Manzotti, R., (2016). “A Causal Foundation for Consciousness in Biological and Artificial Agents” in Cognitive Systems Research, 40, 172-185

Manzotti, R., (2016). “Information Won't Make Us Immortal” in Vice.Com, 22 December 2016

Manzotti, R., (2016). “Pixels Are Driving Out Reality” in Vice.Com, 18 July 2016

Manzotti, R., Andrew Smart (2016). “Elon Musk Is Wrong. We Aren't Living in a Simulation,” in Vice.Com, 20 June 2016

Manzotti, R. (2016). “Experiences are Objects. Towards a Mind-object Identity Theory,” in Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia, 7(1), pp. 16-36. DOI: 10.4453/rifp.2016.0003


Manzotti, R. (2015). “Negative afterimages as locally filtered perception,” Trieste Symposium on Perception and Cognition, pp. 21–22.

Manzotti, R. (2015). No Evidence that Pain is a Painful Neural Process, Animal Sentience. An Interdisciplinary Journal on Animal Feeling, 2016:X.

Manzotti, R. (2015). " Facebook: junk emotion", DoppioZero.

Manzotti, R. (2015). “Inside Out”, che fine ha fatto il libero arbitrio? Micromega Online.

Manzotti, R. (2015). The Causal Root of Mental and Neural Integration, in Poznasky R., The Biophysics of Consciousness. WorldScientific.

Manzotti, R. (2015). Psicologia e neuroscienze. In Manuale di Psicologia (pp. 1–35).

Manzotti, R., & Moderato, P. (2015a). Il dilemma tra neurale e intersoggettivo non esaurisce le alternative. Giornale Italiano Di Psicologia, 42(1-2), 147–154.

Manzotti, R., & Moderato, P. (2015b). Neuroscienze e psicologia: valutazione e paradigmi. Spazio Filosofico, (13). 55-71

Caveat: in 2014 I outlined the mind-object identity theory that I now pursue. Previous works of mine were based on a process ontology that I now totally reject. Please do not refer to anything I wrote before that 2014.


Manzotti, R. (2014). Galileo Debunked : A Neutral Foundation for Nature. Teoria, 57–74.

Manzotti, R., & Chella, A. (2014). Physical integration: A causal account for consciousness. Journal of Integrative Neuroscience, 13(2), 1–25.

Manzotti, R., & Jeschke, S. (2014). From the Perspective of Artificial Intelligence : A New Approach to the Nature of Consciousness. International Journal of Advanced Research in Artificial Intelligence, 3(12), 1–12.

Manzotti, R., & Moderato, P. (2014). Intentional change, intrinsic motivations, and goal generation. The Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 37(4), 431–432.

Manzotti, R., & Mutti, F. (2014). Verso una naturalizzazione della «consapevolezza agentiva»: problemi teorici e possibile modello robotico. Sistemi Intelligenti, 26(1), 119–140.


Manzotti, R., and Moderato, P. (2013). "Neuroscience: Dualism in Disguise". In A. Lavazza and H. Robinson (Eds.), Contemporary Dualism (pp. 81–97). New York: Routldege.

Manzotti, R., and Pepperell, R. (2013). "Denying the content–vehicle distinction: a response to 'The New Mind Revisited'". in Ai and Society, 28(2), 1–4

Lavazza, A., and Manzotti, R. (2013), A "New Mind for a New Aesthetics", in Revista Portoguesa de Filosofia, 67(3), 501-524

Lavazza, A., and Manzotti, R. (2013). "An externalist approach to creativity: discovery versus recombination. in Mind and Society, 12(1), 61–72.

Manzotti, R. (2013). "Machine Consciousness: A Modern Approach. in Natural Intelligence: the INNS Magazine, 2(1), 7–18.

Manzotti, R. (2013). Spogliarsi dell’abito galileiano. "Un'ontologia basata sul'identità tra rappresentazione e rappresentato. In R. Poli (Ed.), Prospettive ontologiche. Realismi a confronto (pp. 113–140). Brescia: Morcelliana.


Manzotti R. (2012) "The Computational Stance Is Unfit for Consciousness" in International Journal of Machine Consciousness, 4(2): 401-420.

Manzotti R. (2012), "Do Objects Exist or Take Place?" in APA Newsletter on Philosophy and Computers. 11(2):31–46.

Amoretti MC, Manzotti R. (2012) "Esternalismi" in Rivista di Filosofia. Milano: Franco Angeli; 103(1):41–67.

Manzotti R. (2012) "An "Externalist Approach to Existential Feelings: Different Feelings or Different Objects?" In: Fingerhut J, Marienberg S (eds.) Feelings of Being Alive. Berlin: De Gruyter; 79-100.

Manzotti R, Pepperell R. (2012) "The New Mind: thinking beyond the head." in AI and Society. Knowledge, Culture and Communication. 24(1):1–12.

Manzotti R, Moderato P. (2012) "Mente estesa: una rivoluzione a metà?" in Sistemi Intelligenti. 24(1): 65-72.

Chella A, Manzotti R. (2012), "AGI and Machine Consciousness". in Theoretical Foundations of Artificial General Intelligence. 4: 263-282.


Manzotti, R., (2011), "The Spread Mind. Is Consciousness Situated?" in Teorema, 30(2): 55-78.

Manzotti, R., (2011), "The Spread Mind. Seven Steps to Situated Consciousness" in Journal of Cosmology, 14: 4526-4541.

Manzotti, R., (2011), "Where and when is information?" in APA Newsletter on Philosophy and Computers, 10(2): 14-21.

Manzotti, R., (2011), "The Spread Mind: Phenomenal Process-Oriented Vehicle Externalism" in M. Blamauer, Ed., The Mental as Fundamental. New Perspectives on Panpsychism, Frankfurt, Ontos-Verlag: 79-98.

Manzotti, R., L. Papi,C. Amoretti, Lee, S.-Y., (2011), "Does radical externalism suggest how to implement machine consciousness?", in BICA 2011, Washington (DC), AAAI Press.

Manzotti, R., (2011), "Aesthetics and externalism" in R. Manzotti, Ed., Situated Aesthetics. Art Beyond the Skin, Exeter, Imprint Academic.

Manzotti, R., (2011), "Machine Free Will: Is Free Will a Necessary Ingredient of Machine Consciousness?" in I. Aleksander and C. H. Cordoba, Eds, From Brain to System, Dordrecht, Springer: 81-89.

Manzotti, R., Ed. (2011), Situated Aesthetics. Art Beyond the Skin, Thorverton, Imprint Academic.

Chella, A. and R. Manzotti, (2011), "Artificial Consciousness" in V. Cutsuridis, A. Hussain and J. G. Taylor, Eds, Perception-Action Cycle: Models, Architectures, and Hardware, Dordrecht, Springer: 637-671.

Lavazza, A. and R. Manzotti, (2011), "Modelli di creatività: dall’elaborazione inconscia e implicita al fringe Jamesiano" in Giornale Italiano di Psicologia.


Manzotti, R. and P. Moderato, (2010), "Is Neuroscience the Forthcoming and Mindscience?" in Behaviour and Philosophy, 38(1): 1-28.

Manzotti, R., (2010), "Il soggetto esteso: contenuto e limiti della mente tra Second Life e Facebook" in P. Canestrari and A. Romeo, Eds, Dall’uomo all’avatar e ritorno. Realtà e dimensioni emergenti, Verona, QuiEdit: 73-89.

Manzotti, R., (2010), "Interazioni fenomeniche: la coscienza" in P. Moderato, Ed., Interazioni, Milano, Franco Angeli: 263-297.

Manzotti, R., (2010), "Interazioni tra soggetto e ambiente: la percezione" in P. Moderato, Ed., Interazioni, Milano, McGraw Hill.

Manzotti, R., (2010), "There are no Images (to Be Seen) or The Fallacy of the Intermediate Entity" in APA Newsletter on Philosophy and Computers, 9(2): 59-66.

Manzotti, R. (2010), "Libertà nella natura" in Philosophical News, 1(1): 55-68.

Manzotti, R. (2010), "A Process-oriented Framework for Goals and Motivations in Biological and Artificial Agents" in R. Poli (Ed.), Causality and Motivation, Frankfurt, Ontos-Verlag.

Manzotti, R., (2010), "Interazioni fenomeniche: la coscienza" in P. Moderato, Ed., Interazioni Umane. Manuale introduttiva alla psicologia, Milano, Franco Angeli: 263-297.

Manzotti, R., (2010), "Interazioni tra soggetto e ambiente: la percezione" in P. Moderato, Ed., Interazioni Umane. Manuale introduttiva alla psicologia, Milano, Franco Angeli: 50-102.


Manzotti, R., (2009), "No Time, No Wholes: A Temporal and Causal-Oriented Approach to the Ontology of Wholes." in Axiomathes, 19: 193-214.

Manzotti R., (2009), «Does process externalism support panpsychism? The relational nature of the physical world as a foundation for the conscious mind» in Skrbina D. (Ed.), Mind that abides, John Benjamins Publication, Amsterdam, pp. 201-220

Chella, A. and R. Manzotti, (2009), "Machine Consciousness: A Manifesto for Robotics." in International Journal of Machine Consciousness, 1(1): 33-51.


Buttazzo, G. Manzotti R (2008), "Artificial consciousness: Theoretical and practical issues" in Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, 44, 2, 79-82.

Manzotti, R., (2009), "Neuroscienze: Una nuova risposta per esperienza, emozioni e motivazioni" in N. Oliverio and V. Russo, Eds, Manuale di Psicologia. Individuo, società, comunicazione, Milano, McGraw-Hill: 166-169.

Manzotti R., Tagliasco V. (2008), "Artificial consciousness: a discipline between technological and theoretical obstacles" in Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, 44, 2, 105-118.

Manzotti R. Tagliasco V., (2008), "L’esperienza: un modello esternalistapiù estesa del sistema nervoso" in Sistemi intelligenti, XX, 3, 403-432

Manzotti R., Moderato P., (2008), "Il ritorno del fantasma della macchina", in Sistemi Intelligenti, XX, 3, 338-343

Manzotti, R. (2008), "A process oriented externalist solution to the hard problem", The Reasoner, 2(6): 13-20

Manzotti R. Tagliasco V. (2008), L'esperienza. Perché i neuroni non spiegano tutto, Codice Edizioni, Milano.

Manzotti R. (2008), "Recensione di Ecologicamente Corretto", 2R-Rivista di Recensioni filosofiche, 8, 54-66

Manzotti, R., (2008), "From Consciousness to Machine Consciousness." in Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association, 82(1): 54.

Manzotti, R., (2008), "La relazione soggetto e oggetto in SL: l’estetica del virtuale" in P. Canestrari, Ed., Second Life, oltre la realtà virtuale, Milano, Lupetti Editore: 75-99.


Manzotti R. (2007), "A Process Oriented view of qualia" in E. Wright (Ed.), The case for qualia, Cambridge, MIT press, 2008

Manzotti R. (2007), "Towards Artificial Consciousness", APA Newsletter, 1, pp. 12-15

Manzotti R. Chella A. (2007) (Eds.) Artificial Consciousness, Imprint Academic, Thorverton.

Manzotti R. Tagliasco V. (2007) "Gli aspetti filosofici della mente"and nbsp;in E. Biondi (Ed.), Bioingegneria della mente, Bologna, Patron editore, pp. 146-178

Manzotti R. Tagliasco V. (2007) "Un approccio bioingegneristico alla mente: la coscienza artificiale"and nbsp;in E. Biondi (Ed.), Bioingegneria della mente, Bologna, Patron editore, pp. 185-222

Manzotti R. (2007), "Materiam superat opus", Guddesign, 7, 16-18


Manzotti R. (2006), «Outline of a process view of conscious perception», in Journal of Consciousness Studies, 13, No. 6, pp. 45–79.

Manzotti R., Tagliasco V. (2006), «Libertà e coscienza: un approccio basato sul processo», in Sistemi Intelligenti, XVIII (2), pp. 259-281.

Manzotti R. (2006), «Brentano’s immanent realism and beyond», in Mind and Matter, Vol. 4(1), pp. 7–43.

Manzotti R. (2006), «Consciousness and existence as a process», in Mind and Matter, Vol. 4(1), pp. 115–119.

Manzotti R. (2006), «Mente ed esternismo», in Giornale della filosofia, 14(5), pp. 7-12.


Manzotti R. «A radical externalist approach to consciousness: the enlarged mind» in Batthyany A. and Elitzur A. (Eds.) Mind and Its Place in the World. Non-reductionist Approaches to the Ontology of Consciousness. Frankfurt: Ontos.

Manzotti R, "An outline of an alternative view of conscious perception", TSC2005, Copenhagen, 2005, August 17-20

Manzotti R. Villamira M. "The 'What' problem: the emergence of new goals in a robot", 6th CIRA Symposium, Espoo, Finland, 27-30.

Manzotti R., Tagliasco V., From “behaviour-based” robots to “motivations-based” robots", in Robotics and Autonomous Systems, 51 (2-3), 175-200.

Manzotti R. Tagliasco V, The What Problem: Can a Theory of Consciousness be Useful?, in P.Lang (Ed.), Yearbook of the Artificial, 3, Berna.


Villamira M., Manzotti R., (2004), Complessità e sistemi, Franco Angeli, Milano.

Manzotti R., Tagliasco V. (2004), Rappresentazione ed esistenza, Sistemi Intelligenti, XVI (1), Il Mulino, Bologna.

Manzotti R., Gozzano S. (2004), Verso una scienza della coscienza, Networks (3-4).

Di Francesco M., Gallese V., Manzotti R., Oliverio A., Parisi D., (2004), "Neuroscienze, assalto all’anima?" in Vita e Pensiero, LXXXVII, Marzo-Aprile, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milano.

Manzotti R., (2004), A process-based architecture for a an Artificial Conscious Being, in Seibt, J. (ed.), Process Theories. Crossdisciplinary Studies in Dynamic Categories, Kluwer Academics Publisher, The Netherlands.

Manzotti R., (2004), La coscienza come processo, Technical Report 01/2004, LIRA-Lab, DIST, Università degli Studi di Genova, LIRA-Lab (Ed.), Genova.


Manzotti R., (2003), Intentional Robots. V EBICC, Sao Paulo, 19-24 August.

Manzotti R., Glatzeder B., (2003), An ontogenetic approach to consciousness, in ISI 2003, Copenhagen.

Manzotti R., Tagliasco V., (2003), La teoria della mente allargata, in Riabilitazione Cognitiva, 4(1), pp 17-36

Manzotti R., Sandini G., (2003), world” mean? in Behavioral Brain Science.


Manzotti R., Tagliasco V., (2002), "Essere e fare", in L'Arsenale.

Manzotti R., Sandini G., (2002), "Does functionalism explain the phenomenal side of experience?", in Behavioral Brain Science.

Manzotti R., (2002), Why Physicalism and Constructivism Will Never be Able to Understand the Mind, in Psycoloquy, 13(6).

Manzotti R., Tagliasco V., (2002), Si può parlare di coscienza artificiale? in “Sistemi Intelligenti”, 24(1), Il Mulino, Bologna.


Manzotti R. Tagliasco V., (2001), On building a conscious being. In Search of a science of consciousness, Skovde, Sweden

Manzotti R. Gasteratos A., Metta G. Sandini G., (2001), Disparity estimation in log polar images and vergence control, in Computer Vision and Image Understanding.

Manzotti R., Tagliasco V., (2001), Coscienza e realtà: una teoria della mente per costruttori di menti e cervelli. Bologna, Il Mulino.

Manzotti R., (2001), Intentional robots, PhD Thesis in Robotics, University of Genoa


Metta G., Manzotti R., Panerai F., Sandini G., (2000), Development: is it the right way towards humanoid robotics? IAS 2000, Venice, Italy.

Metta G., Panerai F., Manzotti R., Sandini G., (2000), Babybot: an artificial developing robotic agent, SAB 2000, Paris, France.

Manzotti R., Metta G., Sandini G., (2000), Intentionalizing nature, Tucson 2000, Tucson, Arizona

1999 and before ...

Metta G., Sandini G., (1999), "The Role of Emotions in Sensori-Motor Learning", in 3rd International Symposia on Intelligent Automation and Soft Computing, Genova.

Panerai F., Metta G., Sandini G., Manzotti R., (1999), "Learning head-eye-hand coordination: a developmental approach" in 3rd international conference on Cognitive and Neural Systems. May. CNS Boston University.

Metta G., Manzotti R., Sandini G., Sauvan X.M., Panerai F.. (1999), "Aspects of multimodal integration in artificial systems and neuroscience". in Second Research Conference on 3D sensory and motor space. Castelvecchio Pascoli (Italy)

Manzotti R.,Metta G.,Sandini G., (1998), "Emotion and learning in a developing robot", Emotions, Qualia and Consciousness, Napoli (Italy).

Manzotti R., (1998), "Qualia and reality", Tucson III, Tucson.

Manzotti R., Grosso E., Tiso R., Sandini G., (1995), "A space-variant approach to oculomotor control", IEEE Int. Symposium on Computer Vision, Cor, Coral Gables, Florida.